Roundworm Treatment

A comprehensive overview of roundworm covering subjects like cure, treatment, symptoms, diagnostics, research, causes and pictures
Roundworm Treatment

Roundworm treatment

     Roundworm infection prophylaxis consisted of the following measures:

  • Avoid contact with soil and animal and human feces
  • Avoid using manure
  • Hand-hygiene and proper food.

     Drug therapy is not indicated for pulmonary migration phase, due to the increased risk of respiratory pneumonia. The symptoms can still be improved by corticosteroid or bronchodilator therapy.

     Drug therapy uses anthelmintics:

  • Albendazole, is not recommended during pregnancy, the roundworms are associated with pinworms, this drug being the standard roundworm treatment
  • Vermifuge palalizante-it must be avoided in worm obstruction
  • "A" vitamin-supplements
  • Nitazoxanida-drug mainly used for protozoal infections, has an efficiency of 89% in roundworm

     The roundworm treatment lasts 1-3 days with albendazole. This roundworm treatment is efficient and has relatively little side effects. Additional stool exam is required at 1-2 weeks after therapy; if the infection is still present the treatment is being repeated.

     Drug therapy only affects the adult roundworms, if the patient lives into an endemic area, larvae may not be the susceptible to the therapy. In the endemic areas reinfection occurs in 80% of patients in six months.

     Surgery is recommended in these cases:

  • Elimination of blood through rectum
  • Multi-levels hydro-air at abdominal radiography
  • Child with abdominal distention and tenderness
  • Unfavorable response to drug therapy,
  • Appendicitis and primary peritonitis
  • Hepatobiliary disease
  • Pancreatic pseudocyst.

     The roundworm drug therapy consists of administrating of mebendazole, albendazole and pyrantel pamoate. These drugs kill the adult roundworm.

     Surgery is necessary in case of heavy infestation, to restore damaged tissue and to remove the worms. The surgical roundworm treatment is recommended in situations such as obstruction or intestinal perforation, obstruction of bile ducts, appendix, etc.

     Roundworm treatment is carried out in different hospital wards, where it was confirmed that parasitosis, also in the helminthology day stationary or ambulatory conditions. In the prophylaxis of the roundworm matter the early detection and treatment of the infestation, the environmental protection and the maximum limitation of the mechanism of infection. In unfavorable localities about roundworms, a laboratory examination of the mass population is being done. To the detection of 25-30% of those infected disinfestations is performed to the mass population.

     The complex of measures, which aim is to stop the mechanism of infection and environmental protection has a multiple character. It is perform a regular bowel disinfecting with chloride of lime, it is perform a thorough cleaning of the localities and their health planning, also in them are set some latrines well constructed and comfortable. After the total disinfection in the roundworm outbreaks it is recommended the processing landfills chloride of lime, then covered with a thick layer of soil and maintained for 2-3 years.

     In the light of clearing the public health need is important to clear the population of the inadmissible use of the human feces as a material for fertilizer in gardens. It is important to propagate the importance of respecting these rules of personal hygiene in combating this parasitosis. A paramount importance in preventing the contamination of the environment with roundworm eggs it has the water pipe and sanitation web, also for the water purification business.

     To treat this parasitosis it is often made a drug therapy. These are frequently used regimens: Decaris - 3-4 mg / kg single dose or Vermox 100 mg twice a day, for 2-3 days.

     In cases of severe infestation a surgery is made.